James Deacon's...... Reiki Pages..............................
(formerly: All Energy-Therapies Web)

+ + +


Copyright © 2002/5 James Deacon

What follows is a list of some of the people responsible for the 'new' information regarding the History of Reiki which has already emerged - and still continues to emerge. It is an open-ended list and will be added to from time to time

[Photos of some of these people can be found on the REIKI FACES page]

Mieko Mitsui (a journalist) had become a 'Master' ('Instructor' - Level 3b) in Barbara Ray's "Radiance Technique" Reiki while living in New York.
In 1985 she went back to Japan to try and see what she could discover about Reiki's origins.
She started teaching Reiki there - and also translated Barbara Ray's Reiki book "The Reiki Factor" into Japanese - and in the process could be said to have been responsible for single-handedly sparking a 'Reiki Revival' in Japan.
In addition to promoting Barbara Ray's style of 'western' Reiki, Mieko reported that, contrary to the 'Takata version' of the History, Reiki had not died out in Japan.
She spoke of a privately printed book, "Usui Reiki Gakkai" (said to be an academic text written by a mathematician at Meiji University, Tokyo) which supposedly talks about Reiki and a man named Usui.
Mitsui also stated that 'Japanese' Reiki had (as is the case with Barbara Ray's system) more than the standard three Levels or Degrees found in familiar 'Takata-style' Reiki.
She also claimed said that she tracked down the home of Usui-Sensei's son's family, but that they refused to speak to her about Mikao Usui.
Apparently Mieko Mitsui herself received some training from a Japanese lineage Reiki Master: Goro Myazaki, who had been a student of Usui-Sensei's friend & student: Toshiro Eguchi.
Amongst many others, Mitsui taught Reiki to Hiroshi Doi; however, due to the nature of the training structure utilised in the 'Radiance Technique' style of Reiki (also known as 'Real Reiki') which she practices, she was, at the time, only permitted to initiate practitioners to Level 2.

Frank A. Petter
One-time 'Sannyasin' (i.e. disciple of the Indian Guru Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh - AKA: 'Osho' - 1931-1990 ), and author of several books including: 'Reiki Fire: New Information about the Origins of the Reiki Power', German-born Reiki Master Frank 'Arjava' Petter and his wife Chetna began teaching Reiki in Sapporo, Japan in 1993.
On discovering that Frank and Chetna were offering Third Degree training and attunement, a great many Second Degree Reiki students (most of whom had presumably been attuned by Mieko Mitsui), sought them out.

It could be said that Frank and Chetna's research in to Reiki survivals in Japan took over from where Mieko Mitsui's research left off.

It was Chetna's mother: Masano Kobayashi who translated the inscription on the Usui Memorial (written in old the old form of Japanese kanji-characters) into modern-day Japanese, enabling Frank and Chetna to produce the first (known) English version of the Memorial inscription.

Toshitaka Mochizuki.
Published "Iyashi No Te" in 1995 (- believed by many to be the first modern day Reiki book written by a Japanese master, but see Fumio Ogawa, below).
Trained originally in western style Reiki, apparently also received tuition from Masters in Japan whose training history is partly Japanese.
Mochizuki attributes some of his historical information to an obscure Japanese book entitled "The Secret of How to Take Care of Your Family Members" by Takichi Tsukida.
Runs the Vortex school of Reiki, in Yokohama.
The "Traditional Japanese Reiki" system (created in 1995) is based on the Vortex system's teachings which contains material from both Western and Japanese sources.

Fuminori Aoki
Fuminori Aoki is Chairman of the Nagoya Reiki Lab (formerly the "Human & Trust Institute").
He is also the author of the book: "The Reiki Healing".
At the Institute's Clinic, Aoki teaches his own form of Reiki, known as: 'Reido Reiki', a system which attempts to unite Western and Japanese Reiki Traditions.

Hiroshi Doi
Author of 'Iyashi no Gendai Reikiho' or "Modern Reiki Method for Healing". learnt Reiki from Mieko Mitsui. He also received Neo Reiki training from an Indian Reiki master in Tokyo.
Professes to be a member of the Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai - the Society believed to have been set up shortly after Usui-sensei's death by some of his students.
Apparently he studied with the former Gakkai chairperson, Mrs. Koyama.
Doi claims that the objective of Reiki was to attain a state known as: Anshin Ritsumei (or: Dai Anjin), a state in which ones mind is totally at peace - not bothered by anything - and in which one perceive one's life's purpose.
Hiroshi Doi also says that in the early eighties he studied a form of Téaté (healing) with a Mr.Hiroshi Ohta, but only later discovered that what he had learnt was actually Reiki.
He states that at the time he met Mieko Mitsui he was seeking to develop his own healing technique by uniting systems he had already learned.
Amongst the systems Doi mentions are: Nishino Breathing, Shinmeikan Healing, SAS Shinkko, Genkyoku Kiko, Crystal Healing, Kihodo Healing, Hypnotic Kiko, Osteopathy, Energy Balancing, Astral Healing, Silva Mind Ccontrol Method, theNatural Vibration technique, Seikiho, Dokiho, Balance Therapy, & Multi-dimension Body Work.

Hiroshi Doi's school of Reiki, called "Gendai Reiki" -Modern / Contemporary Reiki Method - blends western Reiki with what he claims to be Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai practices, though one wonders to what degree "Gendai Reiki" has been influenced by the above-mentioned therapeutic systems.

Chris Marsh
Martial Artist and Tendai Buddhist, Chris states that, during a visit to Japan in June 2000, to complete some martial arts training, he was introduced to several people all having had connections with Mikao Usui, including a 107 year old Tendai nun referred to as: 'Suzuki-san', who was one of Usui Sensei's original students from 1915 to 1920.
Chris was apparently also shown a number of artifacts related to Usui.
On a further visit to Japan in June/July 2001 he claims to have been introduced to a further 11 very elderly students of Mikao Usui, including Buddhist monks and Nuns, Shinto followers and a farmer.
Chris says he was also shown many of Usui's own papers including diaries, notes and precepts, all in his own handwriting. Apparently he was allowed to make handwritten copies of some of these documents and other copies were forwarded to him later.
Chris's contacts apparently emphasise that Usui was Tendai until the end of his
life, that the Reiki teachings were Buddhist in origin although they included some Shinto energy practices, and also that Usui Sensei did not really have a name for the system - the name used by Usui's students is 'Usui Teate' - 'Usui Hand Touch / Usui Hand Healing' and also 'Usui Do' - 'Usui Way' - that the name Reiki is not used or known by Usui's students.
According to Chris, Reiju is the most important aspect of Usui-Sensei's teachings and as such is taught very late on in training. He says there are seven levels of shinpiden (the 'Master' degree) and reiju is taught at the sixth level.

(There seems to be some confusion regarding Suzuki-san: some sources claim she is a cousin (or even niece) of Sadako Suzuki, Usui-Sensei's wife - yet others say she is Usui-Sensei's cousin).
Born in 1895, Suzuki-san apparently began her training with Usui-Sensei when she was 20 years old.
The focus of Usui-Sensei's teachings, according to Suzuki-san, was on self-realization. The ability to heal others was seen simply as a beneficial side effect of 'working on self', and not only was healing of others not central to the teachings but the whole approach to healing is different to that found in the system we know as 'Reiki'.

Dave King & Melissa Riggall
Dave King promotes what he refers to as Usui-Do - claiming this to be "an authentic reconstruction" of the "meditative, Spiritual system" of Mikao Usui.
Melissa Rigall (died March 12, 2003) maintained that she has met several of Dr. Hayashi's students while in Japan, and both she and Dave claim to have met about a dozen of Usui Sensei's surviving students, including one who was more than 112 years old and a Buddhist nun aged 105 who was apparently trained to the second highest level by Usui Sensei.
According to Dave, he and Melissa were taught Reiki (Rokudan level) by Yuji Onuki (who apparently trained to Shichidan level with Toshihiro Eguchi - a onetime friend and student of Usui-Sensei) in 1971 in Morocco.
Dave says he spent time with Mr. Tatsumi, [said to be one of Hayashi-Sensei's Shichidan (Usui-Do) and Shinpiden (Hayashi Reiki) students], in rural Japan and achieved Usui-do shichidan (level 7) in 1995.
He apparently learnt Tatsumi's attunement process and was allowed to trace copies of the four Reiki symbols in Hayashi's handwriting. Tatsumi died in October 1996 and is said to have left his complete set of master level notes for Dave and Melissa to review.
Apparently Dave and Melissa also had Godan (3rd highest level in the original Usui-Do) conferred on them in October 2002 by from Mariko-Obaasan, a Tendai Buddhist nun whom, we are told - like Chris Marsh's 'Suzuki-san' - was one of Usui-Sensei's original students.

Recently (Autumn 2003) a number of people have begun to voice concerns as to the validity of the Usui-Do information propagated by Dave King.
Mariko-Obaasan's accounts regarding early Reiki history, Mikao Usui, and the Reiki teachings have not been confirmed or verified. In fact, the very existence of Mariko-Obaasan is being questioned in some quarters, with the suggestion that the Mariko-Obaasan material may actually be - to put it diplomatically - 'channelled' information.

[However, in all fairness, it should be pointed out that concerns have also been voiced with regards to the 'Suzuki-san' material being taught by Chris Marsh, and indeed even the validity of the Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai information being circulated by Hiroshi Doi has been questioned.]

'Mariko-Obaasan' (AKA Tenon-in* )
Mariko-Obaasan, a Buddhist nun (age 105), apparently has no knowledge of UsuiSensei's experience on Kurama Yama, although she and her friend met him on Mt. Hiei (Headquarters of the Tendai sect) in 1920 and spent almost every day working with him, up to the time of his death in 1926.
Apparently she says that Usui Sensei was not pro-Meiji; also that he was true to Tendai all his life, and made an offering every day to Amida Nyorai.
According to Mariko-Obaasan, initially there were no levels or grades - students simply worked through a series of exercises until Usui-Sensei felt they were ready to proceed - then in 1923 Usui-Sensei introduced a grading system used by (Jigoro?) Kano. Thus the levels in the original Usui-Do system became:
rokyu, gokyu, yankyu, sankyu, nikkyu (CKR symbol taught at this level), ikkyu (SHK symbol ), shodan (HSZSN symbol), nidan (DKM symbol), sandan, yondan, godan, rokudan, shichidan (nanadan).
Mariko-Obaasan reached the 2nd highest level of Rokudan (in Japan, women were traditionally not allowed to attain the highest levels in a given art).

Seemingly, Usui-Sensei's system was one focussing on spiritual growth and Mariko-Obaasan apparently has no knowledge of it having a healing component (i.e. in the sense of being a therapeutic modality for the treatment of others).
[Mariko-Obaasan apparently died Sept 30, 2005 - aged 107]

* [ - the "in" of Tenon-In is a title for a nun who takes holy orders after the death of her husband (he had been killed in WW-I)]

Mrs. Chiyoko Yamaguchi [1921 - Aug. 19th 2003]
Mrs. Yamaguchi,
a Shoden & Okuden level student of Chujiro Hayashi, apparently taught exactly what she herself had been taught as  by Hayashi-Sensei in 1938, when she was 17.
She referred to Hayashi-Sensei's system as "Hayashi Shiki Reiki Ryoho" (Hayashi Style Reiki Healing Method), though the certificate she received is said to have had the name Hayashi Reiki Ryoho Kenkyu-kai (Research Center) on it.
Mrs. Yamaguchi maintained that she was not taught any formal hand positions; she said she used have a number of notes (apparently copied from Hayashi-Sensei's - it was customary for students to copy their Teachers notes), which (along with her certificates?) were later lost in a fire in Manchuria.
We are told Chiyoko Yamaguchi's uncle had invited Hayashi-Sensei to run a Shoden / Okuden class for approximately 20 students in their town, and apparently paid her tuition fee. While it had been claimed that Hayashi-Sensei returned at a later date to provide third level training and authorise her to teach Reiki, it is now said that she actually received Shimpiden level training from her uncle, Wasaburo Sugano, who had also been trained by Hayashi-sensei.
While Mrs. Yamaguchi was not completely sure, she believed it possible that Hayashi-Sensei employed different teaching methods when providing classes outside the Capital than he did in his Tokyo Clinic.

Hyakuten Inamoto
An 'independent' Buddhist Priest, learnt Reiki from Mrs.Yamaguchi...
Teaches what he calls Komyo Reiki .
Komyo Reiki places emphasis on personal spiritual transformation - that is: 'Satori' - through Reiki practice.
Like many others, Hyakuten-san holds that Usui-Sensei's original teachings focussed on spiritual development, and that any healing that took place was merely considered a side effect to this spiritual growth.
Apparently, Hyakuten does not understood why Usui Sensei, if he was -as many claim - a Tendai Buddhist until his death, has a grave stone in a Jodo shu Buddhist cemetery.

Fumio Ogawa (1906-1998 )
Fumio Ogawa, who lived in Shizuoka, learned Reiki from his (adoptive?) father: Keizo (or: Kyozou) Ogawa, who in turn had learnt Reiki from one of Usui-Sensei's students: Kanichi Taketomi (- who would later become the 3rd president of the Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai).
Keizo Ogawa was apparently also a good friend of Usui-Sensei and had received his Reiki Master initiation from him as well.
Fumio Ogawa said that he completed his Reiki Master level training on November 18, 1943. He stated that Usui-Sensei's system in Keizo's day comprised of six levels, with level 6 being the lowest.
These were: 6th Class - Dai Rokutou,..5th Class - Dai Gotou, .4th Class - Dai Yontou,
..3rd Class - Dai Santou,.2nd Class - Okudenzenki, .1st Class - Okudenkouki.
He also said that during the 1940's there were about 40 Reiki centres across Japan.
In 1986 Fumio Ogawa compiled (and apparently privately published) a 'book' (essentially a small manual)entitled: "Everyone can do Reiki", which, it is claimed, is based on two Gakkai documents: one being the Handbook of Reiki Treatment and the other a book written by one of Usui-Sensei's students referred to as Teacher Wanami.

Tsutomu Oishi (192?-?? )
A resident of Shizuoka, Mr. Tsutomu Oishi learnt Reiki during the 1950's from Keizo Ogawa. (It is said that Mr Oishi had 'put aside' his interest in Reiki during the 1960's).
Tsutomu's mother had apparently learnt level 2 Reiki when he was a small child. His brother had had polio and his mother treated him on a regular basis until, according to Tsutomu, he was completely healed. Afterwards, she began treating all the young polio sufferers in the locality.
According to Mr. Oishi, a failed business venture had left Usui-Sensei with large debts, and the experience had led him to the conclusion that there was something more to life than striving for material wealth. This realisation would start him on a quest culminating in his experience on Kurama Yama, where, Tsutomu says, Usui-Sensei used to regularly meditate under a waterfall (note: this is a practice common to practitioners of 'Shugendo').
According to Tsutomu, during Usui-Sensei's lifetime a Reiki Centre was set up in Shizouka and was run by Keizo Ogawa, who was a talented healer. Mr. Ogawa - a retailer of school uniforms - would treat any sick children he came in contact with.
Tsutomu maintained that both Keizo Ogawa and Usui-Sensei used to give Reiki-charged crystal balls to their students to employ in the healing process. (These balls would apparently be placed directly on the site of ailment or injury.) He says students also received a Reiki Manual. This manual included a set of treatment guidelines, as well as describing symptoms and giving an explanation of what Reiki is.
Mr. Oishi also tells us that Reiki teachers used to assess a student's ki/ talent for healing by touching their hands which were held in the gassho (prayer position) while the student sat in seiza ('sitting on ones heels' - traditional Japanese style.).
According to Tsutomu Oishi, Keizo Ogawa did not have any children (?), so when he felt he had become too old to continue running his Reiki Centre, he asked Tsutomu Oishi to assume responsibility. However Tsutomu respectfully declined the honour as he had heard that healing others would diminish his own vitality.

George (Tan Lin) Mullen
Like Dave King and Melissa Riggall, George claims to have been trained by Yuji Onuki in 1971.
He says that Yuji Onuki showed them two systems. One, called Usui-Do, was a system of self development - apparently the same as is currently being taught by Dave King.
The second, was a 'religion' which Onuki claimed had been developed by Toshihiro Eguchi (a friend and student of Usui Sensei), based on some aspects of Usui-Sensei's work. According to George, it involves summoning a consciousness/deity/kami beyond the self that can guide the practitioner to form a connection with the recipient of the healing.

George further maintains that he (George) studied for some time at a remote Taoist retreat in Heilongjiang province, China, where there is extensive library of ancient Sino-Japanese texts.
He says that in several books there is a clear description of the origins and use of all four Usui symbols, and also the basic philosophy of Usui's early teachings.

He further states that contrary to some current views, the symbols were not "added as aids to training" but were an essential part of Usui-Sensei's system as early as 1921.

He tells us that Hayashi-Sensei stopped teaching Usui-Do in 1931 in favour of his own system - Hayashi Reiki Ryoho Kenkyu-kai - which incorporated both palm healing and jikiden (direct transmission of teachings by "initiation").

George also says that he has personally seen several (Tendai?) temple records, mentioning Mikao Usui, in the Kansai area of Japan.

Richard Blackwell (Lama Yeshe Drugpa Trinley Odzer)
According to Richard Blackwell - a Clinical Psychologist, who claims to be ordained as both a Tibetan Lama and Japanese Shingon Priest - he is in possession of a black lacquered box containing documents once belonging to Usui Sensei (- documents which a German antiquarian apparently confirmed as authentic manuscripts from the 7th to the 19th Century), detailing the Reiki tradition and teachings.
One of these documents: the Tantra of the Lightning Flash, is said to present a comprehensive healing method derived from esoteric Buddhism as practiced in Tibet, and was supposedly brought to Japan by Kobo Daishi (Kukai), the founder of Shingon Buddhism.
[Note: the idea that this 'Tantra of the Lightning Flash' had originated in Tibet is problematic, as Kukai had actually returned to Japan (from China) with the sacred texts on which Shingon was founded, several years before Guru Rinpoche (founder of Tibetan Tantric Buddhism) had even taken the Tantric teachings to Tibet. Further, the original catalogue of the texts brought to Japan by Kukai still exists (in his own handwriting), and this 'Tantra of the Lightning Flash' is not one of them].
Richard maintains that the box was purchased just after WWII by his father (who was then a Captain in the US Army) from some destitute monks who were raising funds to rebuild their fire-bombed temple.
According to Richard, Usui Sensei - although born into a Tendai family - became a devout Shingon Buddhist after a Cholera-induced near-death experience during which he experienced visions of Dainichi Nyorai (Mahavairochana) - the central Buddha of the Shingon Faith.
[See notice re:
Medicine Dharma Reiki, Universal Healing Reiki and Men Chhos Rei-Ki here]

[click on banner]

Reiki Pages
reiki master attunement atunement atonement hatsurei japanese reiki energy training holistic therapies natural healing alternatives holistic therapy uk holistic healing schools


James Deacon's REIKI STORE, UK:


James Deacon's REIKI STORE, US:


reiki master attunement atunement atonement hatsurei japanese reiki energy training holistic therapies natural healing alternatives holistic therapy uk holistic healing schools

reiki master attunement atunement atonement hatsurei japanese reiki energy training holistic therapies natural healing alternatives holistic therapy uk holistic healing schools

reiki books and music

reiki books and music

Site Built & Maintained by James Deacon. Copyright © 2002 James Deacon. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The contents of this site is for general information only. James Deacon does not necessarily endorse the methodology, techniques or philosophy of individual modalities detailed herein, and accepts no liability for the use or misuse of any practice or exercise on this site, or ones linked to this site.